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Erythroxylum australe (Erythroxylum australe)


Erythroxylum australe is a shrub or small tree in the Malpighiales,endemic to northern Australia.The plant is known by a variety of names including Brigalow erythroxylon shrub and dogwood. The plant grows in a wide variety of habitats in subcoastal and coastal regions,from dry rainforest and vine thickets to open savanna woodland.The leaves contain 0.8% meteloidine,an alkaloid similar to cocaine.All Erythroxylaceae species are prohibited plants in NSW

Taxonomic tree

  • Domain: Eukarya

    • Kingdom: Plantae

      • Phylum:

        • Class: Magnoliopsida

          • Order: Malpighiales

            • Family: Erythroxylaceae

              • Genus: Erythroxylum